Role of Freight Forwarder
The role of the freight forwarder is to arrange for the international movement of goods in the most economical, timely and safe fashion. They will book space with a carrier and can recommend appropriate packing, marking, and labelling. They can also arrange for insurance, storage, and delivery.
Freight forwarders also consolidate freight, that is, group shipments together and include them on a single bill of lading and one CCD. In most cases, freight is consolidated in order to get better transportation rates from the carrier since transportation companies oﬀer the best rates for full containers or conveyances. At some point, the shipment will have to be broken down into individual shipments, or “deconsolidated”.
Shipments that are deconsolidated in Canada must be documented on approved CCDs. Freight forwarders who are bonded, that is, who have posted security with CBSA in order that they may ship goods in bond to various points in Canada, may use the standard form A8A, or have their own CCDs privately printed. However, freight forwarders who intend to deconsolidate goods after they have been released by CBSA must report those shipments to the CBSA on a A10. A separate A10 must be prepared for each portion of the initial consolidation requiring separate acquittal and the total quantity of the A10s must account for the entire quantity as shown on the carrier’s cargo control document.
As well as consolidating and deconsolidating freight, and arranging for the transportation of goods, many freight forwarders are also customs brokers.
Summary Of Reporting Requirements for Import
- conveyances must be reported upon their arrival; conveyance arrival time frames vary, according to mode;
- the reporting of goods entering Canada is mandatory and is provided for in Section 12 of the
- Customs Act;
- all imported goods must be reported at the closest customs oﬃce that is open, within a particular time frame and in a particular manner, and by one of the persons referred to in Section 12 of the Customs Act;
- it is usually the carrier who is responsible for reporting;
- commercial goods are goods imported into Canada for sale or for any industrial, occupational, commercial, institutional or other like use;
- goods for which ACI is not required must also be reported;
- marine, rail, and air conveyances announce their arrival by submitting a Conveyance Arrival Certiﬁcation Message (CACM);
- highway carriers announce their arrival either at the PIL or at an inland location;
- warehouses announce the arrival of goods in their warehouse by submitting a Warehouse Arrival Certiﬁcation Message (WACM);
- the CACM must be transmitted to CBSA within time frames speciﬁed for each mode;
- highway carriers using eManifest must present a lead sheet to the Border Services Oﬃcer at the PIL;
- carriers not using eManifest will present a paper Cargo Control Document (CCD); the standard CCD for goods entering Canada by highway is the A8A; and
- an A8A can be broken down by using an A10 (Abstract Manifest).